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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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ment to all the sincere friends of Poland if a good arrangement cannot be
made which will enable him to form a Polish Government on Polish soil—a
Government recognised by all the great Powers concerned, and, indeed, by
all those Governments of the United Nations which now recognise only the
Polish Government in London.
"Although I do not underrate the difficulties which remain, it is a comfort
to feel that Britain and Soviet Russia, and I do not doubt, the United States,
are all firmly agreed on the re-creation of a strong, free, independent,
sovereign Poland, loyal to the allies and friendly to her great neighbour and
liberator, Russia. Speaking more particularly for His Majesty's Govern-
ment, it is our persevering and constant aim that the Polish people, after
their suffering and vicissitudes, shall find in Europe an abiding home and
resting place which, though it may not entirely coincide or correspond with
the pre-war frontier of Poland, will, nevertheless^ be adequate for the needs
of the Polish nation and not inferior in character and quality, taking the
picture as a whole, to what they had previously possessed.
" These are critical days5 and it would be a great pity if time were wasted
in indecision or in protracted negotiations. If the Polish Government had
taken the advice we tendered them at the beginning of this year, the addi-
tional complications produced by the formation of the Polish National
Committee of Liberation at Lublin would not have arisen. Anything like a
prolonged delay in the settlement can only have the effect of increasing the
division between Poles in Poland and also of hampering the common action
which the Poles, the Russians and the rest of the Allies are taking against
Germany. Therefore, as I say, 1 hope that no time will be lost in con-
tinuing these discussions and pressing them to an effective conclusion."
Major Guy Lloyd (Conservative) asked whether it was still the Govern-
ments policy and wish., as previously expressed on several occasions, to
defer decisions on all territorial and boundary questions between Russia
and Poland until after the cessation of hostilities. Also whether the
British Government were in general sympathy with the desire of the
Polish Government for specific and joint guarantees from Great Britain
and the other Great Powers., Russia and the United States of America,, in
support of Poland's continued independence and completely sovereign
State after the war. Churchill replied :
" With regard to the first question, we should welcome a solution between
the parties themselves, an agreement that would bring the whole matter to
the peace conference in a form most helpful and favourable to all concerned,
and also will tide us over the difficult and potentially tragic period through
which we are passing.
** With regard to the guarantee of the three Great Powers, it is certainly
to be hoped that the three Great Powers will guarantee the independent
sovereign free Poland which will emerge from any arrangement which is
made now and ratified at the Peace Conference. As far as the Soviet
Government is concerned, I understand that that will be their fixed inten-
tion,, and I have not hesitated to say that His Majesty's Government will
certainly conform to, and themselves join in3 such a guarantee. It is not
for me to speak of the affairs of the United States of America."
f There was nothing new in the actual wording of the Prime Minister's
speech, although its tone vibrated with the desire to settle the matter
according to Moscow's wishes and as soon as possible. " The most
urgent and burning question," " these are critical days "—time must not